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12 June 2017

Street or road names in Tel Aviv

We all know that street or road names otherwise known as odonyms are an integral part of an address.  They are informative, they give us directions without them we would be lost.  Having said that, I wonder how many of us have questioned the significance behind the names of the streets?  For example, if a particular street is named after a person then how many of us have bothered to find out who is this person?  Why are they worthy of attention and having a road dedicated to their memory?  

I have always been interested in street names and I had been meaning to do a blog post about them.  Recently, an acquaintance of mine called Yehuda prompted me to do a blog post on this subject.  So thank you Yehuda for the encouragement.  In Israel, the sign posts for street or road names are tri-lingual they are in Hebrew, Arabic and English.  Here in Tel Aviv and I gather throughout Israel, the majority of the streets are named after prominent Jewish historical figures.  I would like to write about some of these historical figures here and in subsequent blog posts.


SDEROT DAVID BEN GURION - BEN GURION AVENUE - שדרות בן גוריון
 David Ben-Gurion born David Grün; (16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary founder of the State of Israel and the first Prime Minister of Israel. On 14 May 1948, he formally proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel, and was the first to sign the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which he had helped to write.  As Prime Minister, he helped build the state institutions, presiding over various national projects aimed at the development of the country. He also oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Ben-Gurion



REHOV MEIR DIZENGOFF - DIZENGOFF STREET - מאיר דיזנגוף
 Meir Dizengoff (25 February 1861 – 23 September 1936) was a Zionist politician and the first mayor of Tel Aviv (1911-1922 as head of town planning, 1922-1936 as mayor). In 1930, after the death of his wife, Dizengoff donated his house to his beloved city of Tel Aviv and requested that it be turned into a museum. The house underwent extensive renovations and became the Tel Aviv Museum of Art in 1932. The museum moved to its current location in 1971. On 14 May 1948, David Ben Gurion declared the independence of the State of Israel at the Dizengoff residence. The building is now a history museum and known as Independence Hall. Meir Park and Dizengoff Street are named after him.



REHOV BEN YEHUDA - BEN YEHUDA STREET -
 Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Jewish Litvak lexicographer of Hebrew and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit behind the revival of the Hebrew language in the modern era.  Ben‑Yehuda set out to develop a new language that could replace Yiddish and other regional dialects as a means of everyday communication between Jews who made aliyah from various regions of the world.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliezer_Ben-Yehuda 




REHOV JUDAH LEIB GORDON - J. L. GORDON STREET -
 Judah Leib Gordon  (December 7, 1830, Vilnius, Lithuania – September 16, 1892, St. Petersburg, Russia) was among the most important Hebrew poets of the Jewish Enlightenment.  Gordon took a leading part in the modern revival of the Hebrew language and culture.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judah_Leib_Gordon 




REHOV DOCTOR ARTHUR RUPPIN - DR. A. RUPPIN STREET -
 Arthur Ruppin (1 March 1876 ––1 January 1943) was a Zionist thinker and leader. He was also one of the founders of the city of Tel Aviv.   In 1926 Ruppin joined the faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and founded the sociology department. A building there is now named in his honor. His most celebrated sociological work is "The Jews In The Modern World" (1934).  Many cities in Israel named streets after him, and the city of Haifa has a prize in his name awarded for extraordinary works in thinking, philosophy and politics.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Ruppin
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