18 February 2011

Black truffles (Tuber melanosporum)

Figure 1: Black truffles or Tartufi Neri as they are called in Italy.  These were sold for 95 Euros per kilo.

"La TARTUFI D'ITALIA riesce grazie alla sua ottima rete di cavatori italiani a fornire quotidinamente prodotto di qualità e prezzi accessibili. Il nostro sistema di lavoro si basa sulla continua consultazione di coloro che giorno per giorno escono alla ricerca di tartufi naturali, nessun prodotto di tartufaia o di coltivazione, nessun prodotto surgelato o conservato, trattiamo solo ed esclusivamente prodotto fresco,cavato il giorno precedente e sopratutto Italiano.

Tutto questo non sarebbe possibile se non fosse per i nostri cavatori, i quali non smettero' mai di ringraziare.  Grazie." 
Italian to English translation using Google:
"The Truffle of ITALY succeeds thanks to its excellent network of Italian quarrymen who provide quality product at affordable prices. Our system of work is based on continuous consultation with those who go out daily to look for truffles.  We do not cultivate the truffles, or freeze them or store them.  They are natural.  Our produce is processed exclusively fresh, dug the previous day from the ground and above all it is Italian.

All this would not be possible were it not for our miners, who work to provide the best quality for us.
Thank you. "

"The 'black truffle' or 'black Périgord truffle' (Tuber melanosporum) is named after the Périgord region in France and grows exclusively with oak. Specimens can be found in late autumn and winter, reaching 7 cm in diameter and weighing up to 100 g.[8] Production is almost exclusively European, with France accounting for 45%, Spain 35%, Italy 20%, and small amounts from Slovenia, Croatia and the Australian states of Tasmania and Western Australia (see below). In 1900, France produced around 1,000 metric tonnes (1,100 short tons) of Tuber melanosporum. Production has considerably diminished in the past century, and is now around 20 metric tonnes (22 short tons) per year, with peaks at 46 metric tonnes (50 short tons) in the best years. About 80% of the French production comes from southeast France: upper Provence (départements of Vaucluse and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), part of Dauphiné (département of Drôme), and part of Languedoc (département of Gard); 20% of the production comes from southwest France: Quercy (département of Lot) and Périgord. The largest truffle market in France (and probably also in the world) is at Richerenches in Vaucluse. The largest truffle market in southwest France is at Lalbenque in Quercy. These markets are busiest in the month of January, when the black truffles have their highest perfume. As of December 2009, black truffles were sold for about €1,000 per kilo in a farmer's market[12] and €3,940 per kilo in a retail saler.[13]

"With such a wide array of different truffles varieties, the Gourmet Food Store is the only place to buy truffles online. For a complete listing of our gourmet truffless, including the world-renowned French and Italian truffles, visit our truffles list page. Uncover the secrets of truffles with all you ever needed to know about what to buy, how to enjoy it, truffles history, and much more.

All products for sale at the Gourmet Food Store meet the strictest importation and quality standards. Your satisfaction is our number one priority."
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